Facts about Rabbit Hemorrhagic Disease Virus-2 (RHDV-2) in Oregon

  1. RHDV-2 was first seen in a Portland area neighborhood
  2. Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW), Oregon Department of Agriculture (ODA), and US Department of Agriculture (USDA) are working on determining the source and extent of the outbreak in Oregon.
  3. RHDV-2 is a highly pathogenic and contagious calicivirus that affects all rabbits (domestic and wild) and closely related species.
  4. Central Oregon
    1. No confirmed cases as of yet, but ODFW, ODA, and the USDA are in the process of testing several domestic and feral rabbits from Central Oregon. No results yet. 
  5. RHDV-2 was first identified in Europe
    1. Seen in the US since early March 2020. It has been found in:
      1. Arizona
      2. California
      3. Colorado
      4. Florida
      5. Montana
      6. NevadA
      7. New Mexico
      8. Texas
      9. Utah
      10. Wyoming
    2. RHDV-2 has caused extensive mortalities in Jackrabbit and Cottontail populations.
  6. RHDV-2 is persistent in the environment for long periods of time
    1. On surfaces of objects
    2. Clothing
    3. and tissues
  7. Method of Transmission
    1. Inhalation
    2. contact with contaminated equipment
    3. contact with flies and other insects
    4. contact with urine or feces from infected rabbits
    5. contact with feces from predators that have eaten infected rabbits
  8. No specific treatment
    1. Often fatal (75%-100% of those affected)
  9. Symptoms
    1. Rabbits that don’t die immediately
      1. Poor appetite
      2. Inactivity
      3. Fever
      4. Bloody Nose
  10. What we can do:
    1. If you encounter sickly or dead rabbits please contact either the district ODFW office or Think Wild (541-241-8680) so it can be reported and appropriate action can be taken.
    2. Do not handle the rabbits
      1. If you do, wash every surface they may have come to contact with a 10% bleach solution
      2. Wash all clothes that may have come into contact